Jul
06
French Employment law : dismissal following an internal investigation (enquête internet) : the judge cannot base its decision solely on anonymous testimonies (c. cass. July 4th 2018, n ° 17-18241)

In case of dismissal following an internal investigation (enquête interne) in a company, the judge, seized of a dispute of his dismissal by an employee, can not base his decision solely or in a decisive way on anonymous testimonies.

To our knowledge, the decision of 4 July 2018 is unpublished in this area.

This judgment must be approved because it strengthens the rights of defense of employees in case of dismissal following an internal investigation

Jul
05
Bail commercial – Travaux de réfection – Charge du bailleur ou du preneur - Vétusté

L’article 1755 du Code civil dispose que :

« Aucune des réparations réputées locatives n'est à la charge des locataires quand elles ne sont occasionnées que par vétusté ou force majeure. »

Ces dispositions ne sont toutefois pas d’ordre public. Les parties aux contrats de bail peuvent y déroger par une stipulation contractuelle.

Un locataire commercial paie  à son bailleur une somme correspondant à des frais de réfection d’un emplacement de parking.

Plus tard, il l’assigne en remboursement de ces frais.

Jul
04
French labour / Employement law - Should we have the press card to be a professional journalist? By CHHUM AVOCATS (Paris, Nantes, Lille)

The question is whether holding the press card is necessary to be a journalist?

I) Definition of the status of journalist.

Article L. 7111-3 of the Labor Code stipulates that a professional journalist "is one whose principal, regular and paid occupation is the exercise of his profession in one or more daily or periodical publications or press agencies and who draws the principal of its resources.

The quality of professional journalist implies the meeting of 4 conditions: